To create a bonsai, you need to start with a source material specimen. This involves seedling, cutting or small tree from species which are well-suited for bonsai growing. It is possible to create bonsai from almost any shrub species or perennial wood stemmed tree as long as they can grow to stay in small pot with crown and roots as well as produce real branches. Some of the popular species for bonsai material have characteristics which include small needles or leaves.
In general, source specimens are shaped to be really small so that they can satisfy bonsai aesthetic standards. After selecting the best candidate with the right size, it can be planted in a bonsai display pot and its growth will be limited to the container environment. The bonsai would then be shaped during the year to limit growth; restructure foliar strength in areas which need more development as well as to fit the detailed design of the artist.
It is important to mention that the practice of bonsai is confused with the process of dwarfing at times. However, dwarfing usually refers to the discovery, research or development of plant cultivars which are permanent, inherent miniatures of prevailing species. The bonsai depend on the growing of small trees from a normal seeds and stock, so it does not need trees which are genetically dwarfed. Bonsai cultivation techniques include root reduction, pruning, potting, grafting and defoliation in order to produce miniature trees with similar styles and shapes to the full-size mature trees.
Here are some other things to know about Bonsai:
Bonsai enthusiast use lime Sulfur, which is a smelly liquid, to brush on to the deadwood to get a unique white color. Rather than painting a coating of color on the wood, the bonsai lime dulfur will stain or bleach the wood to give a chalky, white shade.
Bonsai moss can be collected from a mountainside and then dried and grounded up for spores. The spores will take several months to develop in an environment that is moist or humid for propagation. When using bonsai moss spores, a fork can be used to scrape it into the soil round the tree base or formed like a terrarium in a tray and applied directly to the tree base.
Finally, some people are not too keen on using cut paste for tree wounds because they think that the sunlight and fresh air are the best healers. But, the cut paste is very important if you are looking for a way to control how the scar tissue develops and looks after healing. This is also true for carving and cutting techniques. There are additional resources available if you need more details on the Bonsai practice.